Marye’s Heights ranks among the most significant landmarks in American military history. On December 13, Maj. Gen. Burnside attacked the ridge with nine divisions totaling 30,000 men. Approximately 3,000 Confederate infantrymen were lined up in multiple ranks behind the stone wall for about 600 yards, and another 3,000 were atop the slope behind it, along with their artillery, to stop them.
Not a single Union soldier reached the heights. About 8,000 soldiers fell in the attempt.
Pontoon bridge, assembled by the Union to cross the Rappahannock.
The Union Army arrived in Falmouth on November 17. Burnside’s plan to quickly cross the Rappahannock fell through because the pontoon bridges he ordered had not arrived on time. It took until the end of the month before all necessary bridges arrived. By this time the entire Confederate army was present at the area south of Fredericksburg, which was a defensible position.
Union engineers began to assemble six pontoon bridges before dawn on December 11. This is when ‘Civil War – The Battle of Fredricksburg’ starts.
Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside organized his Army of the Potomac into 3 grand divisions, organizations that included infantry corps (represented by 26 infantry units in the game), artillery (11 units) and cavalry (2 units), comprising 120,000 men.
General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia consisted of almost 85,000 men, organized into 2 corps (20 units), Reserve Artillery (8 units) and a Cavalry Division (2 units).
Union infantry, artillery and cavalry units. Confederates infantry, artillery and cavalry units.
During the Civil War, Fredericksburg was of great importance because of its strategic location between Washington and Richmond, the capitals of the Union and the Confederacy respectively. In ‘Civil War – The Battle of Fredericksburg’ the city also plays a central role, being the dividing line between the two armies.